Technology meets future.

Steering gear test bench

The steering gear test bench enables manual and computer-controlled function tests on mechanical and hydraulic steering gears in both rack and pinion and recirculating ball bearing designs. The test equipment consists of mechanical and hydraulic components as well as an electrical control unit. Various function tests can be carried out, including characteristic curve determination, friction torque characteristic curve, pressure-steering wheel torque characteristic curve and more. The measurement results are recorded and evaluated to check the quality of the steering gears.
1982

Task:

Manual and computer-controlled function tests on mechanical and hydraulic steering gears in rack and pinion and recirculating ball bearing design.

The following function tests can be carried out:

  • Determination of characteristic curves with computer-aided evaluation
  • Steering torque characteristic
  • Frictional torque characteristic
  • Pressure-steering wheel torque characteristic
  • Rack displacement force characteristic curve
  • Pressure clearance
  • Socket clearance
  • Simulation tests for defined driving conditions with DV evaluation
  • Leaking oil in the steering gear
  • Pulsation tests on mechanical steering gears with DV evaluation
  • Efficiency measurement for mechanical steering gears with DV evaluation
  • Bushing clearance and pressure piece clearance measurement with DV evaluation

 

Solution:

 

Mechanical design

The mechanical testing device consists of:

  • Base frame with base plate and integrated T-slot rails
  • Drive unit
  • Load unit
  • Clearance measuring devices for pressure piece/bushing clearance
  • Clamping devices
  • Protective hoods and guards

 

Hydraulic version

The hydraulic system consists of:

  • Power unit for power steering supply
  • Power unit for servo cylinder
  • Servo cylinder as load unit
  • Accumulator in the load circuit

 

Electrical control and regulation

The electrical control system is designed as a PLC control system. The test sequence allows manual, semi-automatic and automatic operation. In automatic mode, the test sequences are controlled by the computer via opto-decoupled inputs/outputs. Furthermore, the set values for drive speed, steering travel and load force are specified and controlled by the computer. Depending on the test procedure, force or displacement control is selected for the load device.

The electrical control and regulation equipment is housed in 19" control cabinets. The operating and display elements are arranged in 19" front panels of the control cabinets from an ergonomic point of view.

 

Electrical measurement technology

The following transducers are installed to determine the required measurement data:

  • 1 differential pressure sensor (hydraulic pressure on the steering)
  • 1 Torque transducer (drive torque)
  • 1 force transducer (load force on the drive side of the steering systems)
  • 1 Steering angle sensor
  • 1 incremental steering travel sensor
  • 2 inductive displacement transducers for pressure piece and bushing clearance measurement
  • 1 Flow meter
  • 2 temperature sensors (hydraulic unit and steering feed)

The measuring amplifiers and adjustment units with the associated digital displays are installed in 19" plug-in units or 19" front panels.
A computer-controllable low-pass filter is built into each measuring amplifier signal in order to filter out interference from the measuring signal.

The filtered measurement signals are routed to A/D input channels of the computer system.
The desired measured values can also be recorded using the built-in X/Y recorder.

 

Data acquisition and data processing system

A PC is used to specify the test sequence, record the measurement signals during the test and evaluate the results after the test. A total of 10 measurement signals are recorded and stored at 100 Hz intervals, and the target values for drive speed and load force or steering travel are specified in the computer.

The test parameters are entered by the operator with the help of on-screen guidance on the terminal. All processes on the system can be logged on request. A test program is available for the user to check the wiring or the definition of the calibration function.
The filter characteristics of the TP filters can be changed from the computer via a V24 interface (RS 232 C).

 

Technological test procedure

Before starting the test, the hydraulic unit heater must be switched on to heat the ATF oil to the required temperature.

Once the test specimen has been mounted on the corresponding clamping device and the connecting elements have been coupled, either manual, semi-automatic or automatic mode must be selected before testing begins. In automatic mode, the required test sequences are carried out by the computer.

At the end of the test procedure, the computer outputs the test data determined as a tabular/graphic report from a DIN A3 printer as diagrams.